In 20 %of inflammatory bowel disease cases, the complaints begin in childhood. Aim: This study aims to evaluate the diagnosedas inflammatory bowel disease, in our clinic, between of November 1990 and November 2006. Material and Method: We evaluated the diagnostic and therapeutic properties of 38 cases, diagnosedas inflammatory bowel disease, in our pediatric gastroenterology hepatology and nutrition clinic, retrospectively. Results: 31 cases were diagnosedas ulcerative colitis, 7 of them were diagnosedas Crohn's disease. The average age of the cases at the onset of diagnosis was 9,1 years; 10,5 years in Crohn's disease and 8,5 years in ulcerative colitis. The mean duration until the diagnosis was mode 5,1 months (6,8 months in Crohn's disease, 4,5 months in ulcerative colitis). The most common application complaints were bloody stools, abdominal pain, diarrhea and weight loss. Conclusions: Growth retardation and abdominal pain are more significant symptoms in Crohn's disease (71 %) whereas bloody stools are more common in ulcerative colitis (87 %). In childhood, ileo-colonic involvement is more common in Crohn's disease and total colonic involvement is observed in ulcerative colitis commonly.