Hpertension is an important health problem throughout the world and a risk factor for many diseases. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), a component of the renin-angiotensin system, has an important role in the regulation of blood pressure. Zinc (Zn), a trace element with important biological functions, is located in the catalytic site of ACE. Calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na), and potassium (K) also appear to be involved in hypertension pathogenesis. In this study, plasma ACE activities and Ca-t, Ca-i, Mg, Na, K, and plasma/erythrocyte Zn levels of 20 untreated patients with essential hypertension and 28 healthy individuals were evaluated. Plasma ACE activities (p<0.05) and erythrocyte Zn concentrations (p<0.001) were significantly higher in patients with essential hypertension than values of the control group. No significant difference was found between plasma Zn concentrations of the groups (p>0.05). Plasma Cat (p<0.001) and Mg levels (p<0.05) in essential hypertension were significantly lower than those of controls. Plasma Na, K, and Cai levels remained normal in essential hypertension. There are complex associations between metals and arterial pressure. Ca and Mg deficiencies seem to be associated with increased prevalence of hypertension. Increases in erythrocyte Zn may have a future potential use for diagnosis of hypertension.