Ceria-Based Solid Electrolytes for IT-SOFC Applications

Arabaci A.

ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A, cilt.137, ss.530-534, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 137 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.12693/aphyspola.137.530
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.530-534


In this study, doped ceria solid electrolyte materials Ce 0.8M0.2O2-delta (M = Gd, Sm, and Nd) for intermediate temperature-solid oxide fuel cells were synthesized through citrate-nitrate auto combustion method. They were then characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) techniques. XRD results show that all the synthesized powders indicate a single-phase with cubic fluorite structure. Electrolytes with high density were obtained by sintering the samples at 1400 degrees C for 6 h. The mean crystallite sizes were calculated using the Scherrer formula. Surface morphologies of all the sintered electrolytes were obtained by using SEM. The total ionic conductivity of all electrolytes was measured from the impedance analysis in 300-700 degrees C temperature range. The ionic conductivities at 700 degrees C are in the order of Ce 0.8Sm0.2O2-delta >Ce0.8Gd0.2O2-delta >Ce0.8Nd0.2O2-delta, and their corresponding activation energies are found to be 0.61, 0.62, and 0.67 eV, respectively.