Effective and safe mannitol administration in patients undergoing supratentorial tumor surgery: A prospective, randomized and double blind study


Akcil E. F. , Dilmen O. K. , Karabulut E. S. , Koksal S. S. , Altindas F. , Tunali Y.

Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, cilt.159, ss.55-61, 2017 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 159
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2017.05.018
  • Dergi Adı: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.55-61

Özet

© 2017 Elsevier B.V.Objectives Although osmotic diuresis with mannitol is commonly used to provide brain relaxation, there is no consensus regarding its optimal dose and combination with loop diuretics. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effects of mannitol and combination of furosemide with different doses of mannitol on brain relaxation and on blood electrolytes, lactate level, urine output, fluid balance and blood osmolarity in patients undergoing supratentorial tumor surgery. Patients and methods This prospective, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study included 51 patients (ASA I–III) scheduled for elective supratentorial craniotomy. Different doses and combinations of diuretics were administered after the bone flap removal. The Group 1 received mannitol at 0.5 g kg−1 and furosemide at 0.5 mg kg−1, the Group 2 received mannitol at 1 g kg−1 and furosemide at 0.5 mg kg−1, and the Group 3 received mannitol at 0.5 g kg−1 and placebo. The primary end-point of the present study is to evaluate the effects of mannitol and combination of furosemide with different doses of mannitol on brain relaxation and the secondary end-points are to evaluate their effects on blood electrolytes, lactate level, urine output, fluid balance and blood osmolarity. Results This study shows that mannitol alone (0.5 g kg−1), and the combinations of furosemide (0.5 mg kg−1) with different doses of mannitol (0.5 g kg−1–1 g kg−1) provides adequate brain relaxation. However, administration of furosemide with low or high doses of mannitol may cause reduction in the sodium and chloride levels as well as rise in the lactate level. Moreover it may cause high urine output and negative intra-operative fluid balance. Conclusion Administration of 0.5 g kg−1 mannitol provides adequate brain relaxation without causing systemic side effects in patients undergoing supratentorial tumor surgery. This study is registered to clinical trials (Clinical Trials.gov identifier NCT02712476).