Venous involvement in inflammatory disorders


Seyahi E.

CURRENT OPINION IN RHEUMATOLOGY, cilt.32, sa.1, ss.29-34, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 32 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1097/bor.0000000000000670
  • Dergi Adı: CURRENT OPINION IN RHEUMATOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.29-34

Özet

Purpose of review To review the association of venous thrombosis and inflammatory disorders. Recent findings Various systemic inflammatory diseases of which Behcet's syndrome is the prototype are associated with an increased risk of venous thrombosis. Recent data indicate that venous wall thickness is increased among Behcet's syndrome patients with no history of venous thrombosis and thrombosis in Behcet's syndrome could be a unique model of inflammation-induced thrombosis. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a two to three time-fold increased risk of developing thromboembolic complications compared with general population. The risk of venous thrombosis is increased after surgical interventions and is higher in ulcerative colitis compared with Crohn's disease. Despite similarities with Behcet's syndrome, anticoagulation is advised as the main treatment in IBD, while there is uncertainty about the duration of antithrombotic prophylaxis. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitides and ankylosing spondylitis are also other inflammatory disorders associated with a thrombotic risk. Underlying mechanisms of venous thrombosis in inflammatory disorders are not clearly understood. How we might prevent thrombosis, should we screen asymptomatic patients, what should we use for the treatment (immunosuppression or anticoagulation or both) and what should be the duration of this treatment also need to be addressed. Finally, the link between inflammation and thrombosis should be more intensively studied.