Two Novel Variants and One Previously Reported Variant in the Insulin Receptor Gene in Two Cases with Severe Insulin Resistance Syndrome

DAĞDEVİREN ÇAKIR A. , Saidov S., TURAN H. , Ceylaner S., ÖZER Y. , Kutlu T., ...Daha Fazla

MOLECULAR SYNDROMOLOGY, cilt.11, ss.90-96, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 11 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000506722
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.90-96


Donohue syndrome (DS) and Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome (RMS) are rare diseases caused by biallelic variants within the insulin receptor gene (INSR). Here, we report 2 cases: one with DS and the other with RMS. The case with DS presented with intrauterine growth retardation, nipple hypertrophy, clitoromegaly, distended abdomen, hypertrichosis, and dysmorphic features. The second case showed severe acanthosis nigricans, hyperkeratosis, and hypertrichosis. In both cases, abnormal glucose homeostasis due to severe insulin resistance was observed. The diagnosis of DS and RMS was established based on clinical characteristics, abnormal glucose homeostasis, high serum insulin levels, and determination of pathogenic variants in theINSRgene. The first case with DS has 2 novel homozygous variants, NM_000208.3, c.3122delA (p.N1041Mfs*16) and c.3419C>G (p.A1140G), and the second case with RMS has a previously reported homozygous variant NM_000208.3, c.3529+5G>A (IVS19+5G>A) in theINSRgene.