The competitive heavy metal removal by hydroxyethyl cellulose-g-poly(acrylic acid) copolymer and its sodium salt: The effect of copper content on the adsorption capacity

Cavus S. , Gurdag G. , Yasar M. , Guclu K. , Gurkaynak M. A.

POLYMER BULLETIN, cilt.57, sa.4, ss.445-456, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 57 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00289-006-0583-6
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.445-456


Crosslinked hydroxyethyl cellulose-g-poly(acrylic acid) (HEC-g-pAA) graft copolymer was prepared by grafting of acrylic acid (AA) onto hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) using [Ce(NH4)(2)(NO3)(6)]/HNO3 initiator system in the presence of poly(ethyleneglycol diacrylate) (PEGDA) crosslinking agent in 1:1 (v/v) mixture of methanol and water at 30 degrees C. Carboxyl content of copolymer was determined by neutralization of -COOH groups with NaOH solution and sodium salt of copolymer (HEC-g-pAANa) was swelled in distilled water in order to determine the equilibrium swelling value of copolymer. Both dry HEC-g-pAA and swollen HEC-g-pAANa copolymers were used in the heavy metal ion removal from three different aqueous ion solutions as follows: a binary ion solution with equal molar contents of Pb(2+)and Cd2+, a triple ion solution with equal molar contents of Pb2+, Cu2+ and Cd2+, and a triple ion solution with twice Cu2+ molar contents of Pb2+ and Cd2+. Higher removal values on swollen HEC-g-pAANa were observed in comparison to those on dry polymer. The presence of Cu2+ decreased the adsorption values for Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions on both types of HEC copolymer. However, with further increase in Cu2+ content both dry and swollen copolymers became apparently selective to Cu2+ removal and Cu2+ removal values exceeded the sum of adsorption values for Pb2+ and Cd2+. Maximum metal ion removal capacities were 1.79 and 0.85 mmol Me2+/g(polymer) on swollen HEC-g-pAANa and dry HEC-g-pAA, respectively.