Nitric oxide (NO) is known to be produced by macrophages, endothelial cells and neurons and synthesized by an enzyme called nitric oxide synthase (NOS). Various effector mechanisms and infections can affect the NO production. Excessive amount of NO will lead to biochemical reactions, which cause toxic effects. In this study the role of NO has been evaluated in larval toxocarosis, which is a systemic parasite infection caused by T. canis larvae. Infection was established in the Balb/c mice with or without inducible NOS (iNOS) inhibition and the effects of infection and NOS inhibition were observed according to the results of SOD and LPx measurements in brain tissue and NADPH-diaphorase (NADP-d) histochemistry. Results of NADPH-d histochemistry indicate that iNOS inhibition has protective effect on the brains of infected mice and that larval T. canis infection could be related to oxidative stress, and NO production and iNOS inhibition can protect the tissue from damage in this infection.