Simultaneous removal of ammonium and suspended solids in multipurpose filters

ALKAŞ D. , Baykal B. B. , Kınacı C.

ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY, cilt.33, ss.1247-1254, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 33 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/09593330.2011.618937
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1247-1254


A multipurpose filter in which sand and clinoptilolite are used together as filter material is suggested for the simultaneous removal of suspended solids and ammonium in one single unit. The capacity of the clinoptilolite used was determined as 10.4 mg/g for 20 mg/l initial ammonium concentration. In addition, a packed column ion exchanger with clinoptilolite and a classical sand filter were also investigated for comparison. Ammonium and suspended solids removal rates were observed and compared for all columns. The results of the column analysis have revealed that the ammonium removal rate, which was only 20% in the sand column, was increased to 100% by replacing 50% of the sand with clinoptilolite; similarly, the suspended solids removal, which was only 17% in the clinoptilolite column, was increased to 75% by replacing 50% of the clinoptilolite with sand. As such, when ion exchange and filtration processes were carried out in a multipurpose column, high removals for both parameters could be obtained simultaneously. Multipurpose columns could be an alternative both for the upgrading of existing treatment plants or for new plants for simultaneous removal of ammonium and suspended solids, giving considerable savings in terms of land requirements.