Properties of plain and latex modified Portland cement pastes and concretes with and without superplasticizer


Colak A.

CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, cilt.35, sa.8, ss.1510-1521, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 35 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.11.012
  • Dergi Adı: CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1510-1521

Özet

This paper deals with the effects of latex concentration on the workability and strength characteristics of Portland cement pastes with and without superplasticizer. Durability assessments are made by immersing these pastes in 5% Na2SO4 and 2.5% NaCl solutions. From the results obtained, it is found that the superplasticizer and superplasticizer-latex combinations may improve the workability of the Portland cement pastes. The Portland cement pastes with superplasticizer have much higher strengths than the latex modified Portland cement pastes with and without superplasticizer. In general, curing in lime-saturated water adversely affect the strength of the pastes containing latex from about 28 days onwards. In the durability test, the resistance of latex modified Portland cement pastes with and without superplasticizer to NaCl is decreased. Degradation mechanism depends on the characteristics of the corrosive medium as well as the resistance of the material itself to the resulting chemical action. The character of strain-stress data of latex modified concretes becomes more prominent as the latex concentration increases. These data are anomalous when compared with the data normally observed for concretes without admixture. The proposed equations are found adequate to describe the stress-strain behaviour of latex modified concretes in compression. These equations can also be applied in calculating the initial modulus of elasticity and proportional limit in the case of polymer modified concretes, which exhibit non-linear behaviour at high stress. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.