The Relationship between Ocular Vascular Changes and the Levels of Malondialdehyde and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease


Samanci N. , Poturoglu S., Samanci C. , Ustabasioglu F. E. , Koldas M., Duman A. E. , ...More

OCULAR IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09273948.2020.1740281
  • Title of Journal : OCULAR IMMUNOLOGY AND INFLAMMATION

Abstract

Background: We evaluated ocular hemodynamic changes, malondialdehyde(MDA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in patients with IBD. Methods: We used ocular color Doppler ultrasonography to analyze 56 eyes with Crohn's disease (CD), 62 eyes with ulcerative colitis (UC), 68 eyes of healthy volunteers. We measured peak systolic velocity (PSV),end-diastolic velocity (EDV),and the resistivity index (RI) of ophthalmic artery (OA) and central retinal artery (CRA). MDA and VEGF levels were measured in the plasma samples. Results: MDA levels were significantly higher in both UC and CD patients, whereas VEGF levels were only higher in the CD group (p = .003,p < .001,p = .01).The PSV and EDV of the OA were significantly lower in CD patients (p = .017,p = .001). The EDV of the CRA was significantly lower in CD patients than UC patients and controls (p = .014,p < .001). Conclusions: CD patients exhibited decreased blood flow in both the OA and CRA. Ocular vascular flow was only affected in CD patients. We found that ocular ischemia may occur in CD patients even in the absence of any clinical finding.