An empirical model for parameters affecting energy consumption in boron removal from boron-containing wastewaters by electrocoagulation


YIMAZ A. E. , Boncukcuoglu R. , KOCAKERIM M. M.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, cilt.144, ss.101-107, 2007 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 144
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.09.085
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.101-107

Özet

In this study, it was investigated parameters affecting energy consumption in boron removal from boron containing wastewaters prepared synthetically, via electrocoagulation method. The solution pH, initial boron concentration, dose of supporting electrolyte, current density and temperature of solution were selected as experimental parameters affecting energy consumption. The obtained experimental results showed that boron removal efficiency reached up to 99% under optimum conditions, in which solution pH was 8.0, current density 6.0 mA/cm(2), initial boron concentration 100 mg/L and solution temperature 293 K. The current density was an important parameter affecting energy consumption too. High current density applied to electrocoagulation cell increased energy consumption. Increasing solution temperature caused to decrease energy consumption that high temperature decreased potential applied under constant current density. That increasing initial boron concentration and dose of supporting electrolyte caused to increase specific conductivity of solution decreased energy consumption. As a result, it was seen that energy consumption for boron removal via electrocoagulation method could be minimized at optimum conditions. An empirical model was predicted by statistically. Experimentally obtained values were fitted with values predicted from empirical model being as following;