Germline mutations of aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP) gene and somatostatin receptor 1–5 and AIP immunostaining in patients with sporadic acromegaly with poor versus good response to somatostatin analogues

Ozkaya H. M. , Comunoglu N. , Sayitoglu M., Keskin F. E. , Firtina S., Khodzhaev K., ...Daha Fazla

Pituitary, cilt.21, sa.4, ss.335-346, 2018 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 21 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11102-018-0876-4
  • Dergi Adı: Pituitary
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.335-346


© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.Objective: To determine aryl hydrocarbon interacting protein (AIP) gene variations and AIP and somatostatin receptor (SSTR) 1–5 immunostaining in patients with apparently sporadic acromegaly with poor versus good response to somatostatin analogues (SRLs). Methods: A total of 94 patients (66 with poor and 28 with good response to SRLs) were screened for the AIP gene variations using Sanger sequencing. Immunostaining was performed in 60 tumors. Results: Several variations, albeit some with undetermined significance, were detected, especially in poor responder patients. The prevalence of AIP mutation was 2.1% in the whole group and 1.5% in patients with poor response to SRLs. AIP, SSTR2A, and SSTR2B immunostainings were decreased in patients with poor response (p < 0.05 for all), and other SSTRs did not differ between the groups (p > 0.05 for all). Patients with low AIP had decreased levels of SSTR2A and SSTR3 (p < 0.05 for all). AIP and SSTR2A immunostainings were positively correlated to the treatment response and age at diagnosis was negatively correlated (p < 0.05 for all). In poor responder patients with high SSTR2A immunostaining, SSTR2B immunostaining and preoperative tumor size were positively and negatively correlated, respectively, to SRL response (p < 0.05 for all). Conclusions: Lack of response to SRLs does not necessarily increase the risk of harboring AIP mutations. The finding of decreased AIP, SSTR2A, and SSTR2B immunostaining in patients with poor response to SRLs and decreased SSTR2A and SSTR3 level in those with low AIP immunostaining suggests a possible interaction between AIP and some SSTR subtypes that might alter SRL sensitivity.