Effect of Nonpharmacologic Pain Control During Examination for Retinopathy of Prematurity


Dolgun G., Bozlak S.

JOGNN-JOURNAL OF OBSTETRIC GYNECOLOGIC AND NEONATAL NURSING, cilt.46, sa.5, ss.709-715, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jogn.2017.06.008
  • Dergi Adı: JOGNN-JOURNAL OF OBSTETRIC GYNECOLOGIC AND NEONATAL NURSING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.709-715

Özet

Objectives: To examine the effects of infant swaddling with oral administration of sucrose, swaddling with oral administration of breast milk, and swaddling with oral administration of distilled water (control) on pain perception in premature infants during a screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Abstract

Objectives

To examine the effects of infant swaddling with oral administration of sucrose, swaddling with oral administration of breast milk, and swaddling with oral administration of distilled water (control) on pain perception in premature infants during a screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Design

A prospective, randomized controlled design was used.

Setting

The research was conducted in the NICU of a Level III university hospital in Istanbul.

Participants

Data were obtained from 87 premature infants (54% female) who were less than 32 weeks gestation and 1500 g body weight.

Methods

The nonpharmacologic methods of swaddling with orally administered 0.2 ml of 24% sucrose, swaddling with orally administered breast milk, and swaddling with orally administered distilled water were implemented immediately before the ROP examination. The Premature Infant Pain Profile was used to evaluate pain. Means, standard deviations, and repeated-measures analysis of variance and one-way analysis of variance tests were used to evaluate pain score data.

Results

For 72.4% of the infants, the experimental session was the first time they were examined for ROP. No significant differences in Premature Infant Pain Profile scores were found across the three groups.

Conclusion

Infant swaddlings with oral administration of sucrose or breast milk were no more effective than swaddling with oral administration of distilled water to reduce pain in premature infants during ROP examinations.