Adsorption characteristics of the hazardous dye Brilliant Green on Saklikent mud


Kismir Y., Aroguz A. Z.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL, vol.172, no.1, pp.199-206, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 172 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cej.2011.05.090
  • Title of Journal : CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-206
  • Keywords: Adsorption kinetic, Brillant Green dye, Saklikent mud, Thermodynamic, Isotherm, LOW-COST ADSORBENTS, AQUEOUS-SOLUTION, METHYLENE-BLUE, WASTE-WATER, CONGO-RED, BASIC DYE, FLY-ASH, EQUILIBRIUM ISOTHERM, REMOVAL, KINETICS

Abstract

In this work, the adsorption capacity of Saklikent mud as low-cost adsorbent, for the removal of hazardous dye, Brilliant Green, from aqueous solution was studied. The adsorptive properties of Saklikent mud was investigated in terms of temperature, initial dye concentration and contact time. The results obtained from the experiments were compared for kinetic and thermodynamic parameters. The kinetic data for the adsorption of Brilliant Green on Saklikent mud supports the pseudo-first-order kinetic model and the intra-particle model at 25 degrees C. However, the highest values of r(2) (>0.99) were obtained from the second order adsorption model for the adsorption of Brilliant Green at higher temperatures. From the kinetic data it was found that the calculated values of the maximum adsorption capacity (q(e,calc)) are very close to the maximum adsorption capacity (q(e,exp)) obtained experimentally. The experimental adsorption capacity of the Saklikent mud changed from 9.2 mg g(-1) to 9.7 mg g(-1) by increasing temperature from 25 degrees C to 55 degrees C. The equilibrium adsorption data were discussed using the Langmuir isotherm model. To reveal the adsorptive capacity of Saklikent mud the BET surface area and the pore volume were found and its chemical composition was analyzed by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.