In this work, the resistance of black pine wood (Pin us nigra L) vacuum-treated with zinc oxide, zinc borate and copper oxide nanoparticles against mold and decay fungi and the subterranean termites was evaluated. Some of the nanocompounds tested were forced with acrylic emulsions to avoid leaching. Results showed that mold fungi were slightly inhibited by nanozinc borate, while the other nanometal preparations did not inhibit mold fungi. Mass loss from fungal attack by Trametes versicolor was significantly inhibited by the zinc-based preparations, while the brown-rot fungus, Tyromyces palustris was not inhibited by the nanometal treatments. Notably, nanozinc borate plus acrylic emulsion imparted very high resistance in pine wood to the white-rot fungus, T versicolor with a mass loss of 1.8%. Following leaching, all pine specimens treated with nanozinc borate, with or without acrylic emulsion, strongly inhibited termite feeding, i.e. mass losses varying at 5.2-5.4%. In contrast, the copper-based treatments were much less effective against the subterranean termites, Coptotermes formosanus. In general, nanozinc borate possessed favorable properties, that is, inhibition of termite feeding and decay by T versicolor. (c) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.