WORLD JOURNAL OF SURGERY, cilt.32, ss.1783-1788, 2008 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
This study was designed to review the results of circular stapled hemorrhoidopexy (CSH) in the management of second-, third-, and fourth-degree hemorrhoidal disease. The medical records of 483 patients who had undergone circular stapled hemorrhoidopexy for symptomatic hemorrhoidal disease from June 2001 to September 2006 were evaluated. Data regarding complications, residual symptoms, and recurrence were collected. The study included 445 patients (283 men, 162women) between 22 and 74 years old (median age 39 years). This constituted 92% of all patients. Concomitant lateral internal sphincterotomy, skin tags' excision, and thrombus removal were done in 106 (24.0%), 83 (18.5%), and 20 (4.5%) patients, respectively. The median operating time was 24 minutes (10-45 minutes). The median hospital stay was 40 hours (11-72 hours). Complications during the first 24 hours were fecal urgency (25%), urinary retention (8%), and rectal bleeding (1%). Pruritus ani (21%), thrombosed external hemorrhoids (4%), staple line stenosis (2%), rectal bleeding (2%), anal fissure (1%), and persistent skin tags (3%) were the symptoms seen during the long-term follow-up. The median follow-up was 23 months (6-70 months). The recurrence rate was 1%. Circular stapled hemorrhoidopexy can be safely performed with low recurrence and complication rates while offering a relatively painless postoperative period for the patient.