Antiapoptotic effect of angiotensin-II type-1 receptor blockade in renal tubular cells of hyperoxaluric rats.


Tuncdemir M. , Demirkesen O., Ozturk M. , Atukeren P. , Gumustas M. K. , Turan T.

Urological research, cilt.38, ss.71-80, 2010 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 38
  • Basım Tarihi: 2010
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00240-010-0255-8
  • Dergi Adı: Urological research
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.71-80

Özet

In this study, we investigated the protective effect of losartan as an AT1 receptor antagonist by evaluating the expression of apoptosis-regulatory genes that contribute to the progressive damage in the renal tubules of hyperoxaluric rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups of 10 each; control (C), ethylene glycol (EG), ethylene glycol + losartan (EG + L) and Losartan (L). For 4 weeks 0.8% EG, as a precursor for oxalate, was administered to EG and EG + L and losartan (300 mg/l) was administered to groups EG + L and L. Urine and blood samples were collected for biochemical determination. Bcl-2, bax, caspase-3 and TGF-beta 1 antibodies were used for immunohistochemistry. Apoptosis was determined by TUNEL method. A marked increase in urinary oxalate levels of the rats in EG and EG + L groups was found. In the EG group a diffuse amount of oxalate crystals into the tubular lumina and interstitium in the cortex was observed. In the EG group GBM thickening, interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy with infiltration of mononuclear cell findings reduced in the EG + L group were presented as well. In the EG group, immunoreactivity of TGF-beta 1 was increased in glomeruli and tubuli. In the EG + L group, immunoreactivity of TGF-beta 1 was decreased compared to the EG group. Bax expression increased in the renal tubules of EG group and reduced in the EG + L group comparing to the control. In the EG + L group, the immunoreactivity of bcl-2 was increased in glomeruli. In EG + L treated group, number of caspase-3 immunopositive cells were decreased compared to all groups (P < 0.01). Apoptotic cells were increased in the EG-treated group compared to the other groups. Decreased apoptotic cell number was observed in the EG + L compared to the EG group (P < 0.01). Our findings suggest that losartan may provide a beneficial effect against tubulointerstitial damage and decrease renal tubular apoptosis caused by hyperoxaluria.

 

In this study, we investigated the protective effect of losartan as an AT1 receptor antagonist by evaluating the expression of apoptosis-regulatory genes that contribute to the progressive damage in the renal tubules of hyperoxaluric rats. Rats were divided into 4 groups
of 10 each; control (C), ethylene glycol (EG), ethylene glycol + losartan (EG + L) and Losartan (L). For 4 weeks 0.8% EG, as a precursor for oxalate, was administered to
EG and EG + L and losartan (300 mg/l) was administered to groups EG + L and L. Urine and blood samples were collected for biochemical determination. Bcl-2, bax, caspase-3
and TGF-beta 1 antibodies were used for immunohistochemistry.
Apoptosis was determined by TUNEL method. A marked increase in urinary oxalate levels of the rats in EG and EG + L groups was found. In the EG group a diffuse amount of oxalate crystals into the tubular lumina and interstitium in the cortex was observed. In the EG
group GBM thickening, interstitial Wbrosis and tubular atrophy with inWltration of mononuclear cell findingsreduced in the EG + L group were presented as well. In the
EG group, immunoreactivity of TGF-beta 1 was increased in glomeruli and tubuli. In the EG + L group, immunoreactivity of TGF-beta 1 was decreased compared to the EG group. Bax expression increased in the renal tubules of EG group and reduced in the EG + L group comparing to the control. In the EG + L group, the immunoreactivity of bcl-2
was increased in glomeruli. In EG + L treated group, number of caspase-3 immunopositive cells were decreased compared to all groups (P < 0.01). Apoptotic cells were
increased in the EG-treated group compared to the other groups. Decreased apoptotic cell number was observed in the EG + L compared to the EG group (P < 0.01). Our Wndings
suggest that losartan may provide a beneficial effect against tubulointerstitial damage and decrease renal tubular apoptosis caused by hyperoxaluria.