JOURNAL OF HUMAN HYPERTENSION, cilt.29, ss.92-98, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The aims of this study included an examination of soluble lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-1 (sLOX-1) levels in hypertensive (HT) patients. Another aim examined sLOX-1 associations with oxidized LDL (oxLDL), nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide (NOx). A final aim was to compare these parameters between HT patients, white-coat hypertensive (WCH) patients and healthy controls. The three groups, HT, WCH and controls, were comprised of 35 patients each. sLOX-1 and oxLDL levels were significantly increased in WCH and HT patients compared with controls. The eNOS activation was significantly lower in HT than in the control group. sLOX-1 and oxLDL levels were significantly negatively correlated with eNOS levels in the WCH and HT groups. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) measurements were significantly higher in the WCH and HT groups compared with controls. There was a significant positive correlation between CIMT and sLOX-1 and oxLDL; however, there was a negative correlation with eNOS in WCH. Regression analysis revealed that sLOX-1 was the variable that had a significant effect on blood pressure (P<0.001, odds ratio (95% confidence interval = 23.273 (5.843-92.688)). A possible endothelial impairment may act as a cardiovascular risk factor in WCH. Necessary measures should be considered in terms of atherosclerosis risk with HT, especially in early identification of endothelial damage by looking at sLOX-1 levels. We believe sLOX-1 levels are strong biomarkers for determining early endothelial damage in HT, and especially in WCH patients.