Disorders of gonadal development: A broad clinical, cytogenetic and histopathologic spectrum

Şiklar Z., Berberoǧlu M., Adiyaman P., Salih M., Tükün A., Çetinkaya E., ...Daha Fazla

Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews, cilt.4, sa.3, ss.210-217, 2007 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Derleme
  • Cilt numarası: 4 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2007
  • Dergi Adı: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.210-217


The most complicated group of sexual differentiation disorders is that of gonadal development. Disorders of gonadal development form a wide clinical, cytogenetic and histopathological spectrum. There are still some unsolved difficulties of diagnosis, development of malignancy and the sex rearing of these patients. We reviewed 23 cases of gonadal developmental disorders among 169 patients with ambiguous genitalia or delayed puberty. Among 169 patients, 87 patients were 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD), 59 patients were 46,XX DSD without disorders of gonadal development and the remaining 23 patients had disorders of gonadal development. Nine of these 23 patients were diagnosed as 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis, 7 patients had ovotesticular DSD, 5 patients had 45,X/46,XY mixed gonadal dysgenesis. Fourteen patients with disorders of gonadal development had genital ambiguity, 5 patients had a female genital phenotype with a palpable gonad and/or delayed puberty. Four patients had the male genital phenotype. Disorder of gonadal development is a very important clinical problem with different aspects of diagnosis, treatment, rearing sex and prophylaxis. Each patient should be evaluated individually employing a multidiciplinary approach.