JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, cilt.74, ss.273-281, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Metformin is the most widely used anti-diabetic drug in the world. It reduces advanced glycation end product (AGEs)-induced ROS generation in high glucose condition. Protein glycation contributes to skin aging as it deteriorates the existing collagen by crosslinking. The progressive increase of AGE during aging not only causes oxidative damage to cellular macromolecules but also modulates the activation of transcription factors nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-kB). However, it is still unclear whether metformin can change collagen production and NF-kB activity induced by high glucose conditions in 3T3 fibroblast. The effects of metformin on proliferation, apoptosis, and collagen levels and NF-kB activity of in vitro cell aging model of 3T3 fibroblast cells in high glucose conditions. At first, we investigated the effects of 50 mM high glucose concentration, with or without metformin, on 3T3 fibroblast proliferation, by BrdU immunostaining for cell proliferation. Apoptotic levels were analyzed by flow cytometric assay. NF-kB(p65) activity was measured by transcription factor assay kit and collagen I and III levels by Collagen Estimation Assay through ELISA. We observed that metformin exposure leads to decreased apoptosis levels and increased proliferation of 3T3 fibroblast in high glucose media. We also determined that metformin exposure leads to increased production of collagen I-III and decreased activation of NF-kB(p65) activity. The data are consistent with the observation that metformin has a protective effect in this in vitro model of aging 3T3 fibroblasts under high glucose conditions inducing cell proliferation, collagen I and III production, protection from apoptosis, and reducing NF-kB(p65) activity.