JOURNAL OF PLASTIC SURGERY AND HAND SURGERY, cilt.53, ss.260-264, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Random flaps are frequently used in the practice of reconstructive surgery. The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the effects of Allium cepa on random flap survival in rats. Fourteen Wistar rats were used for this experimental study. The subjects were divided into experiment and control groups. Rats in the experiment group received daily injections of A. cepa extract for 7 d before the elevation of the flaps. Following the treatmentperiod, elevation and reinsertion of the dorsal flaps were performed. Necrotic and total flaps areas were marked and calculated 7 d after the flap elevation. Histological examinations and microangiography were performed to evaluate the results. The mean value of the proportion of necrotic flap areas to the total flap area was 25.06 and 50.6% in the A. cepa and control group, respectively (p = .0079). In the histological examination, number of vessels identified in the dermis were 23.75 +/- 0.7 and 33.75 +/- 9 in the A. cepa and control group, respectively (p = .7457). In angiographic images, vessels formations were more noticeable in the A. cepa group. We conclude that preoperative subcutaneous A. cepa injection increases dorsal flap survival in rats.