Bench blasting design based on site-specific attenuation formula in a quarry


Ozer U. , Karadogan A. , Kahriman A., Aksoy M.

ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES, cilt.6, ss.711-721, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12517-011-0388-2
  • Dergi Adı: ARABIAN JOURNAL OF GEOSCIENCES
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.711-721

Özet

This research was performed on the quarry that will be opened to produce aggregates and rock filling material at Catalagzi region at Zonguldak province in Turkey. However, there are some structures which can be adversely affected by blasting at the quarry. These structures are a methane exploration drill hole and a house at the distances of 340 and 390 m, respectively. One of the main goals of this study is to perform a preliminary assessment of possible damage effect of ground vibrations induced by blasting on these structures by risk analysis based on ground vibration measurements. In order to propose a preliminary blast design models separately for aggregate and rock filling material production, six test shots with different maximum charge per delay were planned and fired at the quarry. In these shots, 90 events were recorded. To predict peak particle velocity (PPV), the relationship between the recorded peak particle velocities and scaled distances were investigated. During this investigation, the data pairs were statistically analyzed and a PPV prediction equation specific to this site with 95% prediction line were obtained. And also, this equation was used in the derivation of the practical blasting charts specific to this site as a practical way of predicting the peak particle velocity and maximum charge per delay for future blasting. A risk analysis was performed by using this equation. In the light of this analysis, preliminary blast design models were proposed to be used in this quarry for aggregate and rock filling material production.