HABITAT USE BY TIT SPECIES IN THE YUVACIK WATERSHED, TURKEY


BEŞKARDEŞ V. , KETEN A., ARSLANGÜNDOĞDU Z. , Anderson J. T.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, cilt.27, ss.9033-9039, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 27
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Dergi Adı: FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.9033-9039

Özet

Tits are small insectivorous passerines inhabiting much of Turkey; spatially distributed due to habitat selection. The objective of the current study was to document habitat preference of the tit community in the Yuvacik Watershed in northwestern Anatolian. We tested the hypothesis that tits abundance changed based on habitat types. We sampled a total of 12 plots from 4 habitat types (deciduous forest, coniferous forest, scrub-shrub, and farmland) monthly during 2007. We recorded four (4) tit species: Blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus, Coal tit Periparus ater, Great tit Parus major, and Marsh tit Poecile palustris; 354 individual birds were counted during 12 surveys. Tits were influenced by habitat types in Yuvacik watershed. Coal tit are adapted to coniferous forests. Great tit and Blue tit were distributed widely in coniferous forests, scrub-shrub areas, and farmlands. Marsh tit was associated primarily with deciduous woodland. Elevation, cover percentage, and vegetation height influenced positively the abundance of total and individual species. Three parameters (elevation (m), canopy cover (%), and maximum habitat height (m)) showed differences among habitat types for tit species. Coniferous forests and deciduous forests exhibited similar characteristic, as did scrub-shrub areas and farmlands. Tit species are resident and reproduce in the Yuvacik watershed. Hedgerows in farmland, and mature habitats should be protected and sustained to enhance breeding success of tits.