Polypropiolate sodium (PPNa)-Fe3O4 nanocomposites were successfully synthesized by the precipitation of Fe3O4 in the presence of sodium polypropiolate and followed by reflux route. Structural, morphological, electrical and magnetic properties evaluation of the nanocomposite were performed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), vibrating scanning magnetometry (VSM) and conductivity measurements. Crystalline phase was identified as magnetite with an average crystallite size of 7 +/- 3 nm as estimated from X-ray line profile fitting. Particle size estimated from TEM, by log-normal fitting, is similar to 9 +/- 1 nm. FT-IR analysis shows that the binding of PPNa on the surface of iron oxide is through bidentate linkage of carboxyl group. TGA analysis showed the presence of 20% PPNa around 80% magnetic core (Fe3O4)center dot center dot center dot PPNa-Fe3O4 nanocomposite show superparamagnetic characteristics at room temperature. It is found that the a.c. conductivity of the nanocomposites obeys the well-known power law of frequency in which it also depends on temperature. Additionally, its d.c. conductivity showed that two operating regions of the activation energy. Both real and imaginary parts of either permittivity exhibit almost the same attitudes which are the indication of the same ability in the stored energy, and dissipation of energy within the PPNa and PPNa-Fe3O4 nanocomposites. (c) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.