© 2020 Elsevier B.V.A novel series of 1,4-naphthoquinones substituted containing sulfur, nitrogen, oxygen atoms were synthesized. The structures of the novel products were characterized by using the various spectroscopic techniques such as 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), 13C NMR, mass spectrometry (MS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and microanalysis. The crystal structures of 2,3-bis(benzylsulfanyl)-1,4-napthoquinone 4 and 2,3-bis(ethylsulfanyl)-1,4-naphthoquinone 7 were determined by using X-ray single crystal diffraction method. Electrochemical behaviors of some 1,4-naphthoquinone (NQ) derivatives 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 19 and 20 were studied by using cyclic voltammetry, square wave voltammetry and in-situ UV-Vis spectroelectrochemistry. The substituents of the NQ derivatives significantly altered the redox mechanism. In-situ UV-Vis spectroelectrochemical analyses of NQs supported the proposed redox mechanism.