Pure, benign epidermoid cysts of the abdominal viscera are rare. There have been only six reports of epidermoid cysts of the cecum in the literature. A 31-year-old female with a previous cesarean delivery was admitted to our hospital with inguinal pain. After admission to the hospital, she was operated with the initial diagnosis of adnexal mass. During the operation, no adnexal pathology was identified. A heterogeneous mass originated from the posterior surface of the cecum was observed. It had no connection with the lumen. The mass was then removed with dissection. Macroscopically, the mass was 9x7 cm in diameter and wall thickness was 0.1 cm. The inner and outer surfaces were smooth. It was filled with a dense yellow, thick-fatty material with no tooth, hair, bone, or calcification areas. On microscopic examination, the inner lining was composed of mature keratinized stratified squamous epithelium with a granular layer. In view of the later findings, the case was reported as epidermoid cyst of the cecum. Although epidermoid cysts are rarely seen in visceral organs, this case is the seventh case of cecum-originated epidermoid cyst that has been reported in the literature. The histogenesis of epidermoid cyst is unknown. These cysts are generally accepted to be sequestration cysts that may be either congenital or acquired. Acquired epidermoid cysts are believed to be traumatic or iatrogenic. The cesarean delivery may have been a cause of this condition in the present case. On ultrasonographic examination, these cysts can be misdiagnosed as ovarian cysts.