Imidazolium functionalized poly(vinyl alcohol) membranes for direct methanol alkaline fuel cell applications


POLYMER INTERNATIONAL, cilt.69, sa.7, ss.644-652, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 69 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/pi.6025
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.644-652


In this study, imidazolium functionalized poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) was synthesized by acetalization and direct quaternization reaction. Afterwards, composite anion exchange membranes based on imidazolium- and quaternary ammonium- functionalized PVA were used for direct methanol alkaline fuel cell applications. H-1 NMR and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy data indicated that imidazole functionalized PVA was successfully synthesized. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry data demonstrated that the imidazolium structure was efficiently obtained by direct quaternization of the imidazole group. Composite anion exchange membranes were fabricated by application of the functionalized PVA solution on the surface of porous polycarbonate (PC) membranes. Fuel cell related properties of all prepared membranes were investigated systematically. The imidazolium functionalized composite membrane (PVA-Im/PC) exhibited higher ionic conductivity (7.8 mS cm(-1) at 30 degrees C) despite a lower water uptake and ion exchange capacity value compared to that of quaternary ammonium. In addition, PVA-Im/PC showed the lowest methanol permeation rate and the highest membrane selectivity as well as high alkaline and oxidative stability. Dynamic mechanical analysis results reveal that both composite membranes were mechanically resistant up to 10(7) Pa at 140 degrees C. The superior performance of imidazolium functionalized PVA composite membrane compared to quaternary ammonium functionalized membrane makes it a promising candidate for direct methanol alkaline fuel cell applications. (c) 2020 Society of Chemical Industry