Effects of size and shape originated synergism of carbon nano fillers on the electrical and mechanical properties of conductive polymer composites


Kasgoz A. , Akin D., Durmus A.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, cilt.132, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 132 Konu: 30
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/app.42313
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE

Özet

In this study, microstructural features, mechanical properties, and electrical conductivity behaviors of thermoplastic composites prepared by using of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) as matrix and various types of carbon nano materials, expanded graphite (EG), carbon nanofiber (CNF), and multi walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) as conductive fillers were investigated. Effects of using of double and triple filler combinations on the electrical properties of composites were also quantified in detail by measuring the bulk resistance of samples under alternating current with an impedance spectrometer. The electrical percolation values of fillers were found to be 20, 10, and 5 phr for the series of composites prepared with the EG, CNF, and CNT, respectively. It was obtained that the bulk resistances of percolated samples were dramatically decreased from 10(14) ohm.cm to 10(3)-10(4) ohm.cm. On the other hand, it was also found that the using of double and triple filler combinations provided much lower (about 10(1) ohm.cm) bulk resistance which corresponded to higher conductivity values than the highly filled composites including of 30 and 40 phr of EG. Based on the DMA measurements and the quantifying of elastic modulus values of composites in the rubbery region, it was found that the reinforcing effects of carbon nano fillers on the elastic modulus of composites decreased in the order of CNT>CNF>EG, depending on the aspect ratio (A(f)) values of fillers into the matrix. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2015, 132, 42313.

In this study, microstructural features, mechanical properties, and electrical conductivity behaviors of thermoplastic composites prepared by using of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) as matrix and various types of carbon nano materials, expanded graphite (EG), carbon nanofiber (CNF), and multi walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) as conductive fillers were investigated. Effects of using of double and triple filler combinations on the electrical properties of composites were also quantified in detail by measuring the bulk resistance of samples under alternating current with an impedance spectrometer. The electrical percolation values of fillers were found to be 20, 10, and 5 phr for the series of composites prepared with the EG, CNF, and CNT, respectively. It was obtained that the bulk resistances of percolated samples were dramatically decreased from 10(14) ohm.cm to 10(3)-10(4) ohm.cm. On the other hand, it was also found that the using of double and triple filler combinations provided much lower (about 10(1) ohm.cm) bulk resistance which corresponded to higher conductivity values than the highly filled composites including of 30 and 40 phr of EG. Based on the DMA measurements and the quantifying of elastic modulus values of composites in the rubbery region, it was found that the reinforcing effects of carbon nano fillers on the elastic modulus of composites decreased in the order of CNT>CNF>EG, depending on the aspect ratio (A(f)) values of fillers into the matrix.