Oxovanadium(IV) and Nickel(II) complexes obtained from 2,2′-dihydroxybenzophenone-S-methyl-thiosemicarbazone: Synthesis, characterization, electrochemistry, and antioxidant capability


İlhan Ceylan B.

INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA, vol.517, pp.120186-120195, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 517
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ica.2020.120186
  • Title of Journal : INORGANICA CHIMICA ACTA
  • Page Numbers: pp.120186-120195

Abstract

2,2′ -Dihydroxybenzophenone-S-methyl-thiosemicarbazone and 3-methoxy-salicylaldehyde were reacted in the presence of oxovanadium(IV) or nickel(II) ions to yield the N2O2-type-chelate complex. The synthesized complexes were characterized by employing elemental analysis, electronic and infrared spectra, 1H NMR spectra, magnetic measurements, and thermogravimetric analyses. The expected structures of oxovanadium(IV) and nickel(II) complexes were confirmed by using the single-crystal X-ray diffraction method. The presence of π-π stacked dimeric structures provided stronger crystalline formations. The optimized geometries and vibrational frequencies of the compounds were obtained using the DFT/ωB97XD method with the 6-31G (d,p) basis set and compared with the experimental data. The electrochemical characterization of the oxovanadium(IV) and nickel (II) complexes were carried out by using the cyclic voltammetry (CV) method. The oxovanadium(IV) complex gives a ligand-centered oxidation and a metal-centered one electron reduction and oxidation peaks corresponding to the VIV/IIIO and VIV/VO, respectively. The nickel(II) complex gives a ligand-centered oxidation and metal-centered (NiII/I) reduction peaks in a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solution. The redox potentials were calculated in terms of Gibbs free energy change of the redox reaction at the theory level of M06-L/LANL2DZ/ PCM. In addition, the energy gap, HOMO and LUMO distributions were calculated. The total antioxidant capacities of the compounds were determined by using cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) method, in which the oxovanadium(IV) complex was found to be powerful as an antioxidant agent.