Immobilization of radioactive waste by cementation with purified kaolin clay

Osmanlioglu A. E.

WASTE MANAGEMENT, cilt.22, ss.481-483, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/s0956-053x(02)00036-3
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.481-483


A study is undertaken to determine the waste immobilization performance of low-level wastes in cement-clay mixtures. Liquid low-level wastes are precipitated using chemical methods, followed by solidification in drums. Solidification is done using cementation processes. Long-term leaching rates of the radionuclides are used as indicators of immobilization performance of solidified waste forms. In addition to evaluating the effects of kaolin clay on the leaching properties of the cemented waste forms, the effect of addition of kaolin on the strength of the cemented waste from is also investigated. The long term leaching tests show that inclusion of kaolin in cement reduces the leaching rates of the radionuclides significantly. However, clay additions in excess of 15 wt.% causes a significant decrease in the hydrolytic stability of cemented waste form. It is found that the best waste isolation, without causing a loss in the mechanical strength, is obtained when the kaolin content in cement is 5%. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.