A three-dimensional pelvimetric assessment on pelvic cavity of gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) by computed tomography


Demircioglu I., Yilmaz B., GÜNDEMİR O. , Dayan M. O.

ANATOMIA HISTOLOGIA EMBRYOLOGIA, vol.50, no.1, pp.43-49, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ahe.12597
  • Title of Journal : ANATOMIA HISTOLOGIA EMBRYOLOGIA
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-49
  • Keywords: 3D modelling, computed tomography, Gazella subgutturosa, pelvic cavity, pelvimetry, MORPHOLOGICAL-CHARACTERISTICS, SEX, PRINCIPLES

Abstract

The gazelles (Gazella subgutturosa), which are at the risk of extinction and are legally protected, have a cultural and aesthetic value in Turkey. It becomes incredibly important to increase their numbers in order to ensure their survival. In this context, it is required to examine thoroughly the pelvic cavity which contains reproductive organs and is used as the birth canal, as well. This study was conducted to determine the pelvimetric data of the gazelles by scanning their pelvic cavity via a multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and preparing three-dimensional models of the pelvic cavity. Twelve adult (6 females, 6 males) gazelle carcasses were used in the study. After the pelvic cavity was scanned using the MDCT device with 64 detectors at 80 kV, 200 mA, 639 mGY and 0.625 mm cross-section thickness, the MDCT images were obtained. The three-dimensional models of the images obtained using MIMICS 20.1 (The Materialise Group, Leuven, Belgium) program were prepared. Pelvimetric measurements of the pelvic cavity were taken using these models. It was determined based on the pelvimetric examinations that there was a significant difference between the female and male gazelles in terms of conjugate diameter, vertical diameter, intermediate traversal diameter, and cranial and medial transverse diameter data atp < .05. Also, there was a significant difference in their data related to caudal transverse diameter and ischial arch atp < .01. Consequently, it is thought that the use of pelvimetric values belonging to the pelvic cavity of gazelles would reveal the sexual dimorphism of the species and its differences with other species and would contribute to clinical sciences.