Fuzzy Sliding-Mode Control of Active Suspensions

Yagiz N. , Hacioglu Y. , Taskin Y.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, vol.55, no.11, pp.3883-3890, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tie.2008.924912
  • Page Numbers: pp.3883-3890
  • Keywords: Active suspensions, fuzzy logic, nonlinear half-car model, sliding mode, VARIABLE-STRUCTURE SYSTEMS, FULL VEHICLE MODEL, ELECTRIC DRIVES, ROBUST-CONTROL, DESIGN, QUARTER, SURFACE, PRINCIPLES, SMC


In this paper, a robust fuzzy sliding-mode controller for active suspensions of a nonlinear half-car model is introduced. First, a nonchattering sliding-mode control is presented. Then, this control method is combined with a single-input-single-output fuzzy logic controller to improve its performance. The negative value of the ratio between the derivative of error and error is the input and the slope constant of the sliding surface of the nonchattering sliding-mode controller is the output of the fuzzy logic controller. Afterwards, a four-degree-of-freedom nonlinear half-car model, which allows wheel hops and includes a suspension system with nonlinear spring and piecewise linear damper with dry friction, is presented. The designed controllers are applied to this model in order to evaluate their performances. It has been shown that the designed controller does not cause any problem in suspension working limits. The robustness of the proposed controller is also investigated for different vehicle parameters. The results indicate the success of the proposed fuzzy sliding-mode controller.