Diffuse Alveolar Damage of the Lungs in Forensic Autopsies: Assessment of Histopathological Stages and Causes of Death

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Ürer H. N. , Ersoy G. , Yilmazbayhan E. D.

SCIENTIFIC WORLD JOURNAL, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1100/2012/657316


Introduction. Diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) is a morphological prototype of acute interstitial pneumonia. Hospital autopsies or openq-lung biopsies are used to monitor common alveolar damage and hyaline membrane (HM) development histopathologically. The aim of this study was to detect histopathological profiles and frequency of DAD and HM in adult forensic autopsies. Materials and Methods. In total, 6813 reports with histopathological samples in 12,504 cases on which an autopsy was performed between 2006 and 2008 were investigated. Sixtyq-six individuals >18 years of age who were diagnosed with DAD were included. Hematoxylinq- and eosinq-stained lung preparations were reexamined in line with the 2002 American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society idiopathic interstitial pneumonia consensus criteria. Results. Histopathological examination revealed that 50 cases (75.7%) were in the exudative phase and 16 (24.2%) were in the proliferative phase. Only the rate of alveolar exudate/oedema in exudative phase cases (P = 0.003); those of alveolar histiocytic desquamation (P = 0.037), alveolar fibrosis (P = 0.017), chronic inflammation (P = 0.02), and alveolar fibrin (P = 0.001) in proliferative cases were significantly higher. The presence of alveolar fibrin was the only independent variable in favour of proliferative cases (P = 0.016). Conclusion. The detection of all DAD morphological criteria with the same intensity is not always possible in each case. Forensic autopsies may provide a favourable means for expanding our knowledge about acute lung damage, DAD, and interstitial lung disease.