Investigation of the environmental effects of ground vibration induced by blasting in various quarries located at northern Cyprus


Ozer U., Kahriman A., KARADOĞAN A. , Tuncer G., Aksoy M., ÖZDEMİR K.

5th International Scientific Conference of Modern Management of Mine Producing, Geology and Environmental Protection, SGEM 2005, Albena, Bulgaristan, 13 - 17 Haziran 2005, ss.257-271 identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Albena
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Bulgaristan
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.257-271

Özet

This paper presents investigation of the environmental effects of ground vibration and air blast induced by blasting in various quarries located at Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Within the scope of this study, scaled distance components have been recorded for two shots at the Beşparmak Company, two shots at the Gürdaǧ Company, one shot at the Levent Mosaic Company and one shot at the Arpali{dotless}kli{dotless} Company, totally 6 shots at different times. And also, ground vibrations and air blasts produced by these shots have been recorded by means of three different White Mini-Seis Model ground vibration monitors. Afterwards, the results of these measurements at the limited quantity (total 18 events) have been interpreted by transferring these data to the computer aided data evaluation unit. The records taken by vibration monitors have been evaluated in terms of damage norms according to international standards due to the lack of a national standards and criteria related with this subject. However, enough data for each quarry could not be obtained but these quarries are located in the same region, and also excavation works in these quarries have been generally performed in the same rock unit (limestone). For these reasons, the measurement results recorded in these four different quarries have been evaluated together. As a result of this evaluation, a meaningful empirical relationship that can be used to predict the vibration velocity for the preliminary evaluation of the excavation works with blasting at the quarries' region has been obtained and proposed.