Modifications in the structure of wood preserving quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) may result in improvements in leaching of components and biological resistance of treated wood. In this study, we evaluated the leaching characteristics and termite resistance of wood treated with a newly developed QAC compound didecyldimethylammonium tetrafluoroborate (DBF) in comparison with commercial DDAC, another QAC compound. Laboratory leaching tests showed that amount of DBF released from treated wood specimens was less than that of DDAC. However there was no difference between DBF and DDAC in the resistance of treated wood specimens against termite attack. Retention level at about 3 kg/m(3) of DBF and DDAC seems to be enough to protect wood against termite attack, however, no comparative data are available for resistance of DBF and DDAC-treated wood against wood degrading fungi. Field tests are also needed to determine the performance of DBF-treated wood in ground contact in comparison with DDAC.