We assessed the cardiorespiratory effects of laparoscopic procedures in 27 infants aged between 36 and 365 days. Infants were monitored and anaesthetised in a standardised manner. Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, end-tidal carbon dioxide and oxygen saturation were recorded, and blood gases were measured at 5 min after intubation, 15 and 30 min after carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum, 5 min after desufflation and after extubation. The pH, PaO2, base excess, SaO2 and SpO2 decreased, and P-CO2 increased by insufflation of carbon dioxide intraperitoneally, and improved following deflation. Changes in pH and PaO2 during the study were statistically significant (p < 0.0001). The increase in PaCO2 30 min after pneumoperitoneum was statistically significant when compared with initial values. Transient arrhythmias were observed in 10 infants 1 min after pneumoperitoneum. There were no statistically significant alterations in heart rate and systolic blood pressure.