Rheumatology international, cilt.39, ss.911-919, 2019 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Systemic autoinflammatory diseases (sAIDs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders, having monogenic inherited forms with overlapping clinical manifestations. More than half of patients do not carry any pathogenic variant in formerly associated disease genes. Here, we report a cross-sectional study on targeted Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) screening in patients with suspected sAIDs to determine the diagnostic utility of genetic screening. Fifteen autoinflammation/immune-related genes (ADA2-CARD14-IL10RA-LPIN2-MEFV-MVK-NLRC4-NLRP12-NLRP3-NOD2-PLCG2-PSTPIP1-SLC29A3-TMEM173-TNFRSF1A) were used to screen 196 subjects from adult/pediatric clinics, each with an initial clinical suspicion of one or more sAID diagnosis with the exclusion of typical familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) patients. Following the genetic screening, 140 patients (71.4%) were clinically followed-up and re-evaluated. Fifty rare variants in 41 patients (20.9%) were classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic and 32 of those variants were located on the MEFV gene. We detected pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants compatible with the final diagnoses and inheritance patterns in 14/140 (10%) of patients for the following sAIDs: familial Mediterranean fever (n=7), deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 (n=2), mevalonate kinase deficiency (n=2), Muckle-Wells syndrome (n=1), Majeed syndrome (n=1), and STING-associated vasculopathy with onset in infancy (n=1). Targeted NGS panels have impact on diagnosing rare monogenic sAIDs for a group of patients. We suggest that MEFV gene screening should be first-tier genetic testing especially in regions with high carrier rates. Clinical utility of multi-gene testing in sAIDs was as low as expected, but extensive genome-wide familial analyses in combination with exome screening would enlighten additional genetic factors causing disease.