International Congress on Engineering and Life Science (ICELIS2018), Kastamonu, Türkiye, 26 - 29 Nisan 2018, ss.734
The need for wood in our country is increasing day by day. Accordingly, wood production also increases. The wood harvesting is a very important subject for forestry. Especially, productivity of machine, the quality of wood and environmental effects are tied due to forest transport plans. When the transport planning is made incomplete, various mistakes are occurred during wood harvesting. The importance mistake inside these situation is decreasing of wood quality. The forest transport structures in Turkey forestry are forest road, skid road, skid trail, chute system and skylines. Forest roads are main facilities which provide access to forest lands for extraction, regeneration, protection, and recreation activities. The forest roads should cover the forest areas in the form of a network system. In our country, is located in the forest areas of the mountainous regions often. Therefore, the construction of forest roads is very difficult and expensive. The skid roads and trails are helped for movement of tractors and animals within harvesting areas. There are some rules in the constructions of skid roads and skid trails. Besides, chute systems and skylines are used to wood harvesting. These systems are more sensitive for environmental effects and also, these systems are productivity. In this study, the importance the forest transport planning operations and wood harvesting for my country are investigated. The prepare rules of forest transport planning are determined.