BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH, cilt.38, ss.1703-1710, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The goal of the present study was to determine concentrations of E-selectin in both cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to evaluate the correlation between the clinical parameters and E-selectin levels. Both CSF and serum samples obtained from 12 patients with aneurysmal SAH and 8 patients with hydrocephalus (control group) without any other known central nervous system disease were assayed for E-selectin by quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the results were compared between the two groups. Mean levels of soluble forms of E-selectin within the first 3 days and on the 5th and 7th days of SAH were 4.0 +/- 7.9, 2.8 +/- 5.2, and 3.1 +/- 4.9 ng/ml in the patient's CSF, and 33.7 +/- 9.2, 35.1 +/- 7.0, and 35.2 +/- 8.7 ng/ml in serum, respectively. In contrast, mean E-selectin levels were 0.1 +/- 0.2 ng/ml in CSF and 8.7 +/- 5.0 ng/ml in serum of control patients. The difference between groups was statistically significant regarding both CSF and serum E-selectin levels (P < 0.05). Thus, we have demonstrated a marked increase of E-selectin concentration in both CSF and serum of patients with aneurysmal SAH compared with control and suggest that blocking the interaction between E-selectin and vascular endothelium may have a beneficial effect on vasospasms.