APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, cilt.16, ss.6195-6204, 2018 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Forest fires have negative effects on human health, ecosystems and climate change. One way to fight and prevent forest fires is formation of risk maps based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS). This study created a GIS based database that contains information on forest fires that took place in Istanbul, Turkey in the period of 2013-2016 such as location, reason, burned area, etc. According to the spatial analysis maps that were obtained based on the initial location of the fires in 2013-2016, a large part of the fires took place in the zone in the south of the city between forests and settlement areas. It was also aimed in this study to reveal the relationship between the initial locations of forest fires and their distance to forest roads. For this purpose, spatial and temporal distribution maps were crated for the fires that took place in 2013-2016 with buffer zones that were created in distances of 0-25 m, 25-50 m, 50-75 m and 75-100 m from forest roads. According to the results of this analysis, among the total of 427 forest fires that took place within 0-100 m from forest roads, 186 (43%) took place within 0-25 m, 99 (23.19%) took place within 25-50 m, 90 (21.08%) took place within 50-75 m and 52 (12.18%) took place within 75-100 m. As it may be understood from the analysis results, numbers of fires decrease when the distance from forest roads increases.