Asthma diagnosis and management in adults: Is the risk of underdiagnosis and undertreatment related to patients' education levels?


AL-SHADLI A., Bener A. , BREBNER J., DUNN E.

JOURNAL OF ASTHMA, cilt.38, ss.121-126, 2001 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 38 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2001
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1081/jas-100000029
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ASTHMA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.121-126

Özet

To determine the relationship between patient education and the risk of underdiagnosis and undertreatment of asthma, a cross-sectional study of 500 (250 males and 250 females) adult attendees between 16 and 44 years of age was undertaken at five primary health care (PHC) centers in Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates. We used an Arabic translation of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey Screening Questionnaire. Asthmatics with higher levels of education had a significantly higher risk of underdiagnosis and undertreatment than asthmatics with less education. Doctors at PHC centers failed to diagnose 34.6% of the asthmatics with low er levels of education and 77.6% of the patients with higher levels of education. Eighty-five percent of the asthmatics with lower levels of education and 46.6% of the asthmatics with higher levels of education recognized that they had asthma. Thirty-eight percent of the asthmatics with lower levels of education and 83% of the asthmatics with higher levels of education were undertreated It was found that 19% of the asthmatics with lower levels of education and 3% of the asthmatics with higher level of education were on prophylactic medication for asthma. We concluded that education level was related to underdiagnosis and undertreatment of asthma among adults between 16 and 44 years of age. People with higher levels of education have a higher risk of underdiagnosis and undertreatment than do those with lower levels of education. The factors that might be associated with these findings need to be explored in further studies.