A rapid LC-MS/MS method for determination of urinary EtG and application to a cut-off limit study

Anilanmert B. , Ozdemır A. A. , Aydın M., Akgul M., Cengiz S.

CHEMICAL PAPERS, cilt.69, ss.1532-1540, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 69
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1515/chempap-2015-0173
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1532-1540


Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a metabolite and a specific marker of alcohol consumption that can be detected days after the complete elimination of alcohol after drinking. A rapid, simple, and sensitive LC-ESI-MS/MS method for the determination of urinary ethyl glucuronide was developed and fully validated in accordance with analytical standards, using the C-18 column. The whole process including sample preparation and LC-MS/MS lasted 10 min. A comprehensive validation including HorRat, measurement uncertainty, system suitability and intermediate precision calculations among analysts, and a cut-off limit study was performed. The method was applied to real samples and a cutoff limit determination study. The LOD and LOQ (using the IUPAC and Eurachem methods) were determined as 104.21 ng mL(-1) and 165.00 ng mL(-1). A cut-off limit of approximate to 818 ng mg(-1) (normalised to creatinine) was found for urinary EtG. The results showed that the cut-off limits currently in use should be re-considered in further studies and standardised on a global scale. Normalisation to creatinine is important because of the risk of the dilution of urine intentionally or with a change of diet. The concentrations of real samples from subjects who had consumed alcohol were successfully predicted using this method, after zero HS-GC/MS results of urine alcohol concentration. (C) 2015 Institute of Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences