JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, cilt.69, ss.2311-2319, 1998 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
To reclaim the monomers or prepare intermediates suitable for other polymers zinc acetate catalayzed glycolysis of waste poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) was carried out with ethylene or propylene glycol, with PET/glycol molar ratios of 1 : 0.5-1 : 3, in xylene at 170-245 degrees C. During the multiphase reaction, depolymerization products transferred to the xylene medium from the dispersed PET/glycol droplets, shifting the equilibrium to glycolysis. Best results were obtained from the ethylene glycol (EG) reaction at 220 degrees C, which yielded 80 mol % bis-2-hydroxyethyl terephthalate monomer and 20 mol % dimer fractions in quite pure crystalline form. Other advantages of employment of xylene in glycolysis of PET were improvement of mixing at high PET/EG ratios and recycling possibility of excess glycol, which separates from the xylene phase at low temperatures. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.