NEOPLASMA, cilt.52, ss.314-317, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Carcinogenesis proceeds through at least three distinct stages - initiation, promotion and progression. Free radicals play an important role in the multistep complex course of carcinogenesis. Urinary bladder has been recognized as a target organ for many carcinogens, including benzidine, beta-napthylamine, 2 napthylamine, 4-aminobiphenyl. Antioxidants have been shown to inhibit both initiation and promotion in carcinogenesis.