IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+)B cells are markedly reduced in IRAK-4-, MyD88-, and TIRAP- but not UNC-93B-deficient patients


Weller S., Bonnet M., Delagreverie H., Israel L., Chrabieh M., Marodi L., et al.

BLOOD, cilt.120, ss.4992-5001, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 120 Konu: 25
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1182/blood-2012-07-440776
  • Dergi Adı: BLOOD
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.4992-5001

Özet

We studied the distribution of peripheral B-cell subsets in patients deficient for key factors of the TLR-signaling pathways (MyD88, TIRAP/MAL, IL-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 [IRAK-4], TLR3, UNC-93B, TRIF). All TLRs, except TLR3, which signals through the TRIF adaptor, require MyD88 and IRAK-4 to mediate their function. TLR4 and the TLR2 heterodimers (with TLR1, TLR6, and possibly TLR10) require in addition the adaptor TIRAP, whereas UNC-93B is needed for the proper localization of intracellular TLR3, TLR7, TLR8, and TLR9. We found that IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+) but not switched B cells were strongly reduced in MyD88-, IRAK-4-, and TIRAP-deficient patients. This defect did not appear to be compensated with age. However, somatic hypermutation of Ig genes and heavy-chain CDR3 size distribution of IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+)B cells were not affected in these patients. In contrast, the numbers of IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+)B cells were normal in the absence of TLR3, TRIF, and UNC-93B, suggesting that UNC-93B-dependent TLRs, and notably TLR9, are dispensable for the presence of this subset in peripheral blood. Interestingly, TLR10 was found to be expressed at greater levels in IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+) compared with switched B cells in healthy patients. Hence, we propose a role for TIRAP-dependent TLRs, possibly TLR10 in particular, in the development and/or maintenance of IgM(+)IgD(+)CD27(+)B cells in humans. (Blood. 2012; 120(25): 4992-5001)