Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology, cilt.38, sa.9, ss.1677-1681, 2017 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The present study aimed to examine the frequency of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in pediatric patients with migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) and to investigate accompanying migrainous symptoms, sleep characteristics, as well as levels of serum ferritin between the pediatric migraine patients with RLS and those without RLS. We included 65 consecutive patients diagnosed with migraine, 20 patients with TTH, and 97 headache-free children in our study. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were noted. The presence of a primary headache was diagnosed using the ICHD-II criteria, and RLS was determined with face-to-face interviews conducted by an experienced neurologist based on the revised International RLS Study Group criteria for pediatrics. The frequency of RLS in pediatric migraine and TTH patients was significantly higher than in the controls (p = 0.0001 and p = 0.025, respectively). The frequencies of allodynia, vertigo/dizziness, and self-reported frequent arousals were significantly higher, and serum ferritin levels were significantly lower in migraine patients with RLS compared to those without RLS (p = 0.05, p = 0.028, p = 0.02, and p = 0.038, respectively). Our study suggests that the frequency of RLS is higher in pediatric migraine and TTH patients compared to controls. Therefore, pediatric headache patients should be questioned about the presence of RLS, as this co-occurrence may lead to more frequent accompanying migrainous symptoms and sleep disturbances.