When the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) exceeds the capacity of antioxidant defences, a condition known as oxidative stress occurs and it has been implicated in many pathological conditions including asthma. Interaction of ROS with DNA may result in mutagenic oxidative base modifications such as 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dGuo) and DNA strand breaks. Reduced glutathione (GSH) serves as a powerful antioxidant against harmful effects of ROS. The aim of this study was to describe DNA damage as level of DNA strand breaks and formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (Fpg)-sensitive sites, which reflects oxidative DNA damage and GSH level in children with mild-to-moderate persistent asthma; and to examine the effect of antiasthmatic therapy on these DNA damage parameters and GSH level. Before and after 8 wk of antiasthmatic therapy blood samples were taken, DNA strand breaks and Fpg-sensitive sites in peripheral leukocytes were determined by comet assay, GSH level of whole blood was measured by spectrophotometric method. DNA strand breaks and Fpg-sensitive sites in the asthma group were found to be increased as compared with control group. GSH level in the asthma group was not significantly different from those in the control group. Levels of strand breaks, Fpg-sensitive sites and GSH were found to be decreased in the asthma group after the treatment. In conclusion, oxidative DNA damage (strand breaks and Fpg-sensitive sites) is at a high level in children with asthma. DNA damage parameters and GSH level were found to be decreased after therapy. Our findings imply that antiasthmatic therapy including glucocorticosteroids not only controls asthma but also decreases mutation risk in children with asthma bronchiale.