A Nonpharmacological Approach on Procedural Pain Management in Neonates: Acupressure Practice


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Oğul T. , Yılmaz Kurt F.

Advances in Health Sciences Research, Plamen Milchev CHERNOPOLSKI,Nelya Lukpanovna SHAPEKOVA,Bilal AK,Behire SANÇAR, Editör, ST. KLIMENT OHRIDSKI UNIVERSITY PRESS, Sofija, ss.148-162, 2020

  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Yayınevi: ST. KLIMENT OHRIDSKI UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Sofija
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.148-162
  • Editörler: Plamen Milchev CHERNOPOLSKI,Nelya Lukpanovna SHAPEKOVA,Bilal AK,Behire SANÇAR, Editör

Özet

Pain is one of the experiences frequently experienced especially in newborns and children as a result of different medical interventions (Faye et al., 2010). Longterm and excessive pain due to interventions applied to newborns causes behavioral stress and physiological imbalances (Anand, 2008). The aim of pain management in newborn is to minimize the pain felt by newborn who is subjected to painful interventions from the first moment of his/her life and to help the newborn cope with the pain (Akcan and Polat, 2017). Non-pharmacological methods in pain control are an integral part of the care of children feeling pain. Non-pharmacological methods used in pain control help to make the pain more tolerable by strengthening the coping skill of the newborn, ensure the pain to be perceived less, and reduce anxiety (Törüner & Büyükgönenç, 2011). Non-pharmacological methods used in pain control are generally collected under 5 main titles. These are (He et al., 2010):
1- Cognitive / behavioral methods
2- Peripheral (physical) methods
3- Sensory / supportive methods
4- Establishing a safe environment
5- Helping to activities of daily life

It is seen that physical methods (kangaroo care, massage, taking on lap, hot-cold application, changing position, touching, acupressure, reflexology etc.) among these non-pharmacological methods are used more widely in the studies conducted on newborns. Non -pharmacological methods are valuable alternatives for pain control especially in small invasive procedures (Johnston, Fernandes, and Campbell-Yeo, 2011). This chapter will provide a general perspective on the use of acupressure, which is utilized in relieving pain in newborns and accepted as a non-pharmacological method in recent years.  

Pain is one of the experiences frequently experienced especially in newborns and children as a result of different medical interventions (Faye et al., 2010). Longterm and excessive pain due to interventions applied to newborns causes behavioral stress and physiological imbalances (Anand, 2008). The aim of pain management in newborn is to minimize the pain felt by newborn who is subjected to painful interventions from the first moment of his/her life and to help the newborn cope with the pain (Akcan and Polat, 2017). Non-pharmacological methods in pain control are an integral part of the care of children feeling pain. Non-pharmacological methods used in pain control help to make the pain more tolerable by strengthening the coping skill of the newborn, ensure the pain to be perceived less, and reduce anxiety (Törüner & Büyükgönenç, 2011). Non-pharmacological methods used in pain control are generally collected under 5 main titles. These are (He et al., 2010):
1- Cognitive / behavioral methods
2- Peripheral (physical) methods
3- Sensory / supportive methods
4- Establishing a safe environment
5- Helping to activities of daily life

It is seen that physical methods (kangaroo care, massage, taking on lap, hot-cold application, changing position, touching, acupressure, reflexology etc.) among these non-pharmacological methods are used more widely in the studies conducted on newborns. Non -pharmacological methods are valuable alternatives for pain control especially in small invasive procedures (Johnston, Fernandes, and Campbell-Yeo, 2011). This chapter will provide a general perspective on the use of acupressure, which is utilized in relieving pain in newborns and accepted as a non-pharmacological method in recent years.