Arthropod assemblages and decomposition rates were compared in the litter of pure and mixedQuercus(Quercus petraeaL.) andFagus(Fagus orientalisL.) stands. Litter was sampled on a monthly basis for 1 year and stored in litterbags of different mesh sizes. The experimental objective was to test the effect of mesh size on litter decomposition, decomposition rates of litter, and diversity of the invertebrate fauna between the two types of stands. Decomposition rates were measured by filling three fiber litterbags of different mesh sizes with pureQuercuslitter (3 g) left in the pureQuercusstand, and litterbags withFaguslitter (3 g) were left in the pureFagusstand. Mixed litter samples were prepared by mixing of equal amounts of each litter in the same litterbag and leaving them in the mixed stand. The residual mass of litter from the pureQuercusstand was significantly lower in fine- and coarse-mesh bags than in the medium-mesh bags in pure theFagusstand. Carbon and nitrogen levels in the pureQuercuslitter were significantly different among the mesh sizes at the end of the incubation period. Macroarthropods from 27 taxa were collected from pitfall traps every month. Their relative numbers differed significantly between the pure and mixed-stand litter samples. Litter-dwelling Isotomidae (Collembola) and Mesostigmata (Acarina), and soil-dwelling Mesostigmata were the most numerous in the mixed stand. It is significant that the abundance of macroarthropods contributed to the mass loss of litter in both the medium and coarse mesh sizes in the mixed stand, but did not significantly affect the mass of litter in the pure stands. In the mixed stand, there was a negative correlation between litter mass loss and total number of microarthropods in all mesh sizes. Mixed-stand litter decomposed more slowly than pure-stand litter.